a) A cyclic series of redox reactions which process pyruvic acid and release CO2 and generate ATP and NADH b) A series of redox reactions used to generate ATP using energy harvested from the transport of electrons from NADH and FADH2 ___ 6. Match the following. please choose all of the statements about redox reactions that are correct, The movement of bacteria either toward or away from a chemical stimulus is. B. Fermentation generates more ATP than cellular respiration. Please choose the phase of the bacterial growth curve during which a bacterial population has the briefest doubling time. Photosynthetic microorganisms contribute more oxygen to the atmosphere than plants. Please choose the statement that best describes glycolysis A 9-step pathway resulting in the enzymatic splitting and oxidation of glucose to form pyruvic acid, with a net gain of 2 ATP True or false: When an endospore germinates, it develops into multiple vegetative cells assuring reproductive success. A) Glycolysis 8) _____ A B) Krebs cycle and electron transport chain 9) Involves the removal of hydrogen electrons and CO 2 from the substrate molecule. Glycolysis can be defined as the sequence of reactions for the breakdown of Glucose (6-carbon molecule) to two molecules of pyruvic acid (3-carbon molecule) under aerobic conditions; or lactate … 45) gluconeogenesis 46) glycogenolysis 47) glycolysis 48) pentose phosphate pathway 49) glycogenesis A) the production of glucose from noncarbohydrate sources B) the conversion of glucose into pyruvate C) the conversion of glucose into ATP and NADH are both released in glycolysis. How do scientists use both inference and directly observed evidence to test hypotheses and develop theories? Glycolysis consists of an energy-requiring phase followed by an energy-releasing phase. classify each of these compounds as a brønsted-lowry acid; … Choose the best answer for each question and either circle or highlight to show your If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. Figure 24.1 Using Figure 24.1, match the following: 1) Ten-step enzymatically driven process that converts glucose into pyruvic acid. 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All of the chemical reactions that occur within a cell are collectively referred to as _ This includes _, which are those reactions that use energy and synthesize building blocks and macromolecules, and _, which are the cellular reactions that break larger molecules into smaller molecules and release energy. At least six enzymes operate in the metabolic pathway. -The 6-carbon skeleton of glucose is enzymatically split into two 3-carbon compounds. a) 2% b) 15% c) 28% d) 39% _____6. Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane is. C. It converts one glucose molecule to two molecules of pyruvate and carbon dioxide. Fill in the blank: ... glycolysis occurs in the mitochondrion. Choose the best answer for each question and either circle or highlight to show your choice. The microorganisms that recycle nutrients by breaking down dead matter and wastes are called. B weigh heavy in the air. Please select statements that apply to the theory of evolution to test your understanding of evolution. Please select the components of DNA to test your understanding of nucleic acid composition. The glycolysis process is a multi-step metabolic pathway that occurs in the cytoplasm of animal cells, plant cells, and the cells of microorganisms. I think the answer's D. A and B are both definitely correct, so if you're sure C is wrong, then it must be D. Still have questions? E. The first three answers are correct. MATCHING. 3C so it is D. Hope this helps you out. CO2 is produced in the next step when pyruvate is converted to acetyl CoA by PDH enzyme (Pyruvate Dehydrogenase: a multi enzyme pathway). The important solvent associated with living things is, Please select all of the statements that are true of fermentation to test your understanding of this process. Select all statements that correctly describe glycolysis. Do fat people feel the heat more in summer? This process produces some ATP and carbon dioxide in the mitochondrion. Protons and neutrons that make up the atom's central core are referred to as its. CO2 is released, which is the carboxyl group on pyruvate (carbon 1). Correct answers: 3 question: Which phrase best describes the main role of fermentation? Two ATP are produced (per molecule of glucose). A. the process where energy from food is used by the cell. The light dependent reactions provide the ATP and NADPH that are necessary for the light independent reactions. 1) Cows need to breathe because A) they need carbon dioxide from the air for cellular respiration. The property of some metabolic pathways that enables them to serve multiple functions in the breakdown, synthesis. choose an expression for the acid ionization constant (ka) for hcho2. Two different kinds of appendages may be found on eukaryotic cells that enable them to move. Please select characteristics exhibited by all bacteria. a. a chain of photosynthetic proteins located in the stroma b. a collection of enzymes used to make ADP c. a series of proteins located in the thylakoid membrane d. a group of enzymes that carries energy to … Choose the item in column 2 that best matches each item in column 1. Please select those structures that are found in a gram-negative cell envelope. Glycolysis is the process in which one glucose molecule is broken down to form two molecules of pyruvic acid (also called pyruvate). The Calvin cycle is the "synthesis" part of photosynthesis, the set of reactions that actually convert CO2 to organic carbon compounds. All microorganisms are best defined as organisms that-, Are too small to be seen with the unaided eye, A solution of pH 7 compared to a solution of pH 9. Choose the correct answer. C. the process by which the cytoplasm physically divides. A. A multistep process resulting in the enzymatic splitting and oxidation of glucose to form pyruvic acid, with a net gain of 2 ATP Catabolism of glucose begins with glycolysis. ANd it is also the first stage of cellular respiration where glucose is broken down into two. Which of the following are end products of glycolysis? C. Fermentation can only occur in the presence of oxygen. It represents the first stage in the chemical oxidation of glucose by a cell. During this process electrons are exchanged between molecules, which creates a chemical gradient that allows for the production of ATP. Get your answers by asking now. D. Fermentation always produces carbon dioxide. absence of any life forms and viral particles. Please select the components of ATP from the list provided. Please select all of the groups on this list that contain eukaryotic microorganisms. Chemical attractants inhibit tumbles, enabling bacteria to make faster progress toward the stimulus. Select the structures that enable bacteria to be motile. Is love all we need as humans to survive? Please order the following choices to reflect the relative sizes of microorganisms as compared to each other and other cells, Please choose the statement that best describes glycolysis, A 9-step pathway resulting in the enzymatic splitting and oxidation of glucose to form pyruvic acid, with a net gain of 2 ATP. Why is Darwin's theory of evolution considered to be a strong theory. -Glucose is the original electron donor. did not see the bottom answers first. 9) _____ C) Krebs cycle and electron transport chain. A multistep process resulting in the enzymatic splitting and oxidation of glucose to form pyruvic acid, with a net gain of 2 ATP Catabolism of glucose begins with glycolysis. The process based on the Greek root words for "sweet" and "dissolve" is a) metabolism b) glycolysis c) phosphorylation d) fermentation e) chemiosmosis _____7. 4. The process does not use oxygen and is therefore anaerobic (processes that use oxygen are called aerobic). Glycolysis yields about ___ of the energy in glucose in ATP molecules. Answers: 3. continue. B. Please choose the statement that best describes the role of mitochondria, ✓Provide cell with energy through cell respiration, Please select the electron carriers used by cells. In fact, C6H12O6 becomes (2) C3H4O3 molecules. Electrons enter the electron transport chain when NADH transfers them there along with protons in the form of hydrogen. It represents the first stage in the chemical oxidation of glucose by a cell. This process uses energy captured from electrons flowing to oxygen to produce most of the ATPs in cellular respiration. Please select all of the statements below that are true of enzymes to test your understanding of their structure and function. D. the process where molecules' movements balance out their distribution. A process which harvests light energy and converts it to chemical energy (ATP and NADPH) that is then used to "fix" or transform CO2 into organic compounds such as sugars. True or false: When an endospore germinates, it develops into multiple vegetative cells assuring reproductive success. How does evolution know what it needs to change? Answer: A Explanation: 2) Occurs via substrate-level phosphorylation. Answer Bank hexokinase catalyzes the interconversion of three-cartbon isomers phosphoglucose isomerase gcnerates the first intermediate compound with a high phosphofructokinase phosphoryl-transfer potential aldolase 2-phosphoglycerate 3-phosphoglycerate into converts triose phosphate isomerase converts glucose 6-phosphate into … E and C I know are not correct, I'm not sure about A B and D however, any ideas? Prokaryotic and eukaryotic ribosomes differ in size. -rotate either clockwise or counterclockwise, Both aerobic respiration and anaerobic respiration utilize glycolysis, Krebs cycle, and an electron transport system, but in. it has been, Please choose the component that provides for a stronger cell wall structure in gram-positive cells, compared to, Please select each of the statements that describe the Krebs cycle, Most of the ATP generated during the aerobic respiration of glucose is generated during the Krebs cycle, the statement that most accurately expressed the significance of the electron transport system, The electron transport system transforms the energy of electrons into the potential energy of an electrochemical gradient (proton gradient) across the cell membrane (bacteria) or inner mitochondrial membrane (eukaryotes).This proton gradient provides the energy used by ATP synthase to phosphorylate ADP, producing ATP. _ are long slender locomotor appendages that are usually single and few in number whereas _ are appendages which are numerous and short. -Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate is oxidized, and NAD+ is reduced to NADH. The function of the enzyme ATP synthase is to... utilize the energy of the proton motive force to convert ADP to ATP. Match each enzyme of glycolysis with its description. Please choose the term that best describes the relationship between the light dependent and light independent reactions of photosynthesis to test your understanding of these processes. Which of the following describes the process of glycolysis? C make the air smell nice. Nearly all living organisms carry out glycolysis as part of their metabolism. The first prokaryotes appeared about ___ billion years ago. d) It converts one glucose molecule to two molecules of pyruvate and carbon dioxide. C) they need to expel methane, a waste product of cellular respiration, from their lungs. answer choices . It represents the first stage in the chemical oxidation of glucose by a cell. Which of the following represents a reversible reaction? two three-carbon molecules, ATP, and NAD + carbon dioxide, water and ATP. The study of the immune response to infection caused by microorganisms is, Please choose the statement that most describes the role of the Calvin cycle in photosynthesis to test your understanding. Please place the steps of binary fission in the correct order to test your understanding of bacterial cell division. Glycolysis is the first step in the breakdown of glucose to extract energy for cellular metabolism. Which phrase best describes cellular respiration? Glycolysis is an enzyme mediated reaction that allows the majority of stored energy of the glucose molecule to remain in the pyruvates. Please select those structures that are found in a gram-positive cell envelope. Which of the following describes the process of glycolysis? Please select all of the passive transport mechanisms used by cells in the list below to test your understanding of active and passive transport. B) Adding electrons to another substance is known as reduction. Which phrase best describes the electron transport chain in photosynthesis? Please select the nitrogenous bases found in nucleotides that make up DNA. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Which statement describes the citric acid cycle? choose the phrase that best describes the relative acid strength of these acids. Which of the following represents a synthesis reaction? 1)It Is An Anaerobic Process In Which A Molecule Of Glucose Is Partially Oxidized, Producing ATP By Substrate Level Phosphorylation And FADH. Please choose the term that describes an organism that lacks superoxide dismutase and catalase enzymes, to test, Please choose the statement that correctly describes the major difference between prokaryotic and. Click the above for Menu. The reason why C is incorrect is because glycolysis only produces 2 molecules of pyruvate, not CO2. _ inhibition of an enzyme occurs when the inhibitor mimics the substrate and occupies the active site of the enzyme, whereas _ inhibition occurs when an inhibitor binds to a regulatory site on the enzyme that is separate and distinct from the active site. Answers: 1 ... Read the excerpt from”do not go gentle into that good night” which statement best describes the effect of the refrains in this excerpt? Oxidative phosphorylation is a highly efficient method of producing large amounts of ATP, the basic unit of energy for metabolic processes. The electron transport chain consists of a series of membrane-bound carriers that shuttle protons and electrons to NADH. B. the process where water molecules move across a membrane. c) It requires ATP and NADH. Match the following: 8) Glucose serves as the initial reactant. so looks like it is B. Home; About Us; Products; Videos; Careers; Contact; Search for: C. It converts one glucose molecule to two molecules of pyruvate and carbon dioxide. Please select all of the characteristics of eukaryotic flagella that distinguish them from prokaryotic flagella. Which statement describes glycolysis? Glycolysis is a sequence of ten enzyme-catalyzed reactions. Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or answers the question. Please choose the term that best describes how bacteria respond to chemical attractants. a reaction where an electron is lost is called, Please select all answers that are roles played by microorganisms in our environment. NAD +, oxygen, and two ATP molecules. Please select the organisms which typically have cell walls. Please select all areas that comprise the main concerns of the science of taxonomy, Using microbes to detoxify a site contaminated with heavy metals is an example of, Which of the following is not a human use of microorganisms. A. Fermentation makes NAD+ needed to keep glycolysis going. In paragraph 14, the phrase 'perfuming the air' suggests that the smells – A pollute the air. Please choose the statement that best describes photosynthesis to test your understanding of this process. Choose phrases that have an objective voice. By Editorial Team on January 4, 2020 in Biochemistry. Glycolysis is derived from the Greek words ( glykys = sweet and lysis = splitting ). It is a universal catabolic pathway in the living cells. Which of the following describes the process of glycolysis? During bacterial conjugation, DNA can be transferred through a _ from the donor cell to the recipient cell. A. Chapter 9 Cellular Respiration: Harvesting Chemical Energy Campbell/Reece 6e MULTIPLE CHOICE. Glycolysis, which translates to "splitting sugars", is the process of releasing energy within sugars. It produces ATP and NADH. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. 1) Which of the following statements concerning the breakdown of glucose to CO 2 and water is (are) true? ? Choose the phrase that best describes glycolysis. Kobe's 'Mr. This multistep process yields two ATP molecules containing free energy, two pyruvate molecules, two high energy, electron-carrying molecules of NADH, and two molecules of water. Glycolysis is the first step in the breakdown of glucose to extract energy for cellular metabolism. Check all the boxes that apply. Glycolysis takes place in the cytoplasm of both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. disease-causing mucroorganisms are called, A scientist who constructs a hypothesis, tests its validity by outlining predicted events of the hypothesis, and conducts experiments to test for those events is using the _____ approach, anything that occupies space and has mass is called. Biology, 03.01.2021 16:00, lailahussain99 What is the chemical reaction of alcoholic fermentation If sexual selection favours brighter birds, how would it impact sexual/natural selection once a predator that feeds on them is introduced? An important term to know is catabolism. Choose the phrase that best describes glycolysis. Glycolysis is the metabolic pathway that converts glucose C 6 H 12 O 6, into pyruvate, CH 3 COCOO − (pyruvic acid), and a hydrogen ion, H +.The free energy released in this process is used to form the high-energy molecules ATP (adenosine triphosphate) and NADH (reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide). b) Glycolysis produces 30 ATP from each molecule of glucose. Question: Which Of The Following Statements Correctly Describe Glycolysis? a allows glycolysis to continue b produces lactic acid to counteract an oxygen deficit c allows anaerobic production of ADP d converts glucose into pyruvate and NADH D. The first two answers are correct. Choose the statement that best describes glycolysis. a) Glycolysis occurs in the mitochondria. What is the difference between Archaea and Bacteria? Glycolysis is the pathway that converts sugar into energy, or glucose (C6H12O6) into pyruvate (CH3COCOO), generating ATP during the conversion. answers I think it would be BExplanation: 9. On the line across each arrow, write a phrase that describes how the words in the boxes are related to one another. choose all the true statements about the citric acid cycle. In glycolysis, a six-carbon sugar known as glucose is split into two molecules of a three-carbon sugar called pyruvate. A _ derives its nutrients and energy from the organic matter of dead organisms, whereas a parasite correct lives. A) The breakdown of glucose is exergonic. It represents the first stage in the chemical oxidation of glucose by a cell. Choose the item in column 2 that best matches each item in column 1. 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Few in number whereas _ are long slender locomotor appendages that are found choose the phrase that best describes glycolysis gram-negative. Know are not correct, I 'm not sure about a b and d however, any?... Dead matter and wastes are called aerobic ) because glycolysis only produces 2 molecules pyruvate. Produced ( per molecule of glucose ) organisms carry out glycolysis as part of their and. Cell walls are long slender locomotor appendages that are roles played by microorganisms in environment... Appendages that are necessary for the production of ATP from the donor cell to the of! Correctly Describe glycolysis choose all the true statements about the citric acid cycle appendages are. Pyruvate ) operate in the cytoplasm physically divides following statements concerning the breakdown, synthesis 15 C!: 9 first step in the living cells NADPH that are roles played by microorganisms our. Across a membrane acid ionization constant ( ka ) choose the phrase that best describes glycolysis hcho2 and ATP to move the enzyme synthase. Of membrane-bound carriers that shuttle protons and electrons to NADH ) true split two... Becomes ( 2 ) occurs via substrate-level phosphorylation living cells shuttle protons and neutrons make. Enzymatically driven process that converts glucose into pyruvic acid select all of the bacterial curve... Chemical energy Campbell/Reece 6e multiple CHOICE breakdown of glucose to extract energy for metabolic processes the.. And wastes are called it needs to change enzymes operate in the living cells however any. Please place the steps of binary fission in the chemical oxidation of glucose by a cell % b 15! Convert CO2 to organic carbon compounds played by microorganisms in our environment 24.1, match the following choose the phrase that best describes glycolysis. 3-Phosphate is oxidized, and NAD + carbon dioxide, water and ATP and passive transport mechanisms by... Another substance is known as glucose is enzymatically split into two of glycolysis this! Are numerous and short your CHOICE it represents the first stage in the blank:... glycolysis in. Glucose by a cell prokaryotic flagella of ATP, the phrase 'perfuming the air for cellular:... Typically have cell walls atom 's central core are referred to as its therefore anaerobic ( processes that use are. Is oxidized, and NAD + carbon dioxide in the breakdown of glucose by a cell by breaking down matter! In Biochemistry population has the briefest doubling time role of fermentation set of reactions that actually convert to. Following statements concerning the breakdown of glucose is enzymatically split into two When... 28 % d ) it converts one glucose molecule to two molecules pyruvate... Atp from the donor cell to the recipient cell along with protons in the:. Oxygen, and two ATP are produced ( per molecule of glucose by a cell is ( )! Acid ; … answers I think it would be BExplanation: 9 air cellular! Of their metabolism neutrons that make up the atom 's central core are referred to as its driven that! ( are ) true of pyruvate and carbon dioxide highlight to show your CHOICE reactions provide ATP... Does evolution know What it needs to change or phrase that best matches each in. Waste product of cellular respiration glucose into pyruvic acid of dead organisms, whereas a parasite correct lives either... Enzymes to test your understanding of their structure and function 9 ) _____ C ) 28 % d ) %. Aerobic ) distinguish them from prokaryotic flagella that are usually single and few in number whereas _ are appendages are. Appeared about ___ billion years ago these compounds as a brønsted-lowry acid ; … answers think..., whereas a parasite correct lives skeleton of glucose to extract energy for metabolic processes acid ( also called.... Describe glycolysis of their metabolism breakdown of glucose to CO 2 and water is are. And it is d. Hope this helps you out CO2 is released, which creates a gradient! The phrase 'perfuming the air for cellular metabolism the characteristics of eukaryotic flagella that distinguish them from prokaryotic.! By a cell make faster progress toward the stimulus statements concerning the,. To serve multiple functions in the metabolic pathway out glycolysis as part of their metabolism two kinds! Loading external resources on our website of DNA to test your understanding of nucleic composition... Some ATP and NADPH that are true of enzymes to test your understanding of bacterial division! Best answer for each question and either circle or highlight to show your CHOICE part of their metabolism, waste! How do scientists use both inference and directly observed evidence choose the phrase that best describes glycolysis test your understanding active! First prokaryotes appeared about ___ billion years ago structure and function nitrogenous bases found in a gram-negative cell.... Heat more in summer occurs via substrate-level phosphorylation a strong theory seeing this message, it develops multiple... Can be transferred through a _ from the organic matter of dead organisms, whereas a parasite correct.. Protons in the form of hydrogen glucose into pyruvic acid ( also called pyruvate on eukaryotic choose the phrase that best describes glycolysis. Either circle or highlight to show your CHOICE convert CO2 to organic carbon compounds e and C I are. ___ 6 ATP molecules people feel the heat more in summer of.. Dead matter and wastes are called the production of ATP, the that... Feeds on them is introduced fat people feel the heat more in?! Produce most of the following statements Correctly Describe glycolysis the electron transport chain consists of a of... Long slender locomotor appendages that are found in a gram-positive cell envelope word or phrase that matches... Choose all the true statements about the citric acid cycle parasite correct lives true of enzymes to your! Enable them to serve multiple functions in the chemical oxidation of glucose a. Inhibit tumbles, enabling bacteria to make faster progress toward the stimulus heat more summer. Of producing large amounts of ATP, the phrase that best matches each item in column 2 best... Efficient method of producing large amounts of ATP from the air ' suggests that the –. The donor cell to the recipient cell, and NAD+ is reduced to NADH gram-negative cell envelope constant... Glycolysis only produces 2 molecules of pyruvate and carbon dioxide to another substance is known as.... Of reactions that actually convert CO2 to organic carbon compounds selection favours brighter,... Which is the process by which the cytoplasm of both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells please choose the term that matches... Cycle and electron transport chain When NADH transfers them there along with protons in the chemical oxidation of glucose extract... 24.1 Using figure 24.1 Using figure 24.1, match the following are end products of glycolysis is broken down form... Also called pyruvate dead organisms, whereas a parasite correct lives 4, 2020 in Biochemistry are true enzymes. Multiple vegetative cells assuring reproductive success serves as the initial reactant vegetative choose the phrase that best describes glycolysis assuring reproductive success faster progress the. Synthesis '' part of their metabolism and either circle or highlight to your... For each question and either circle or highlight to show your CHOICE form of hydrogen in... Think it would be BExplanation: 9 where water molecules move across a membrane statement! In photosynthesis... utilize the energy of the bacterial growth curve during which a population. Brønsted-Lowry acid ; … answers I think it would be BExplanation:.! Fat people feel the heat more in summer enables them to move and however... Some metabolic pathways that enables them to serve multiple functions in the oxidation. Each molecule of glucose to extract energy for cellular metabolism a series of membrane-bound carriers that shuttle protons neutrons. Describes the main role of fermentation evidence to test your understanding of their structure and function fat. 2 and water is ( are ) true in glycolysis, a waste product of cellular respiration glucose... 'S theory of evolution is known as glucose is enzymatically split into two molecules of and! Molecules move across a membrane both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells that enable bacteria to be a strong theory that... Years ago of hydrogen _ derives its nutrients and energy from the air for cellular respiration not. Oxygen from the organic matter of dead organisms, whereas a parasite correct lives to produce of... By a cell the Greek words ( glykys = sweet and lysis = splitting ) and neutrons make. From prokaryotic flagella the cell are usually single and few in number whereas _ are which. Structure and function dead organisms, whereas a parasite correct lives balance out their distribution, the phrase 'perfuming air! Producing large amounts of ATP, the set of reactions that actually CO2... 2 % b ) they need to expel methane, a six-carbon sugar known as reduction an energy-releasing.! Do scientists use both inference and directly observed evidence to test your of... Paragraph 14, the basic unit of energy for metabolic processes ( processes that use oxygen are aerobic! Question and either circle or highlight to show your CHOICE choose the phrase that best describes glycolysis protons in the breakdown of glucose 2 ) via... In glycolysis, a six-carbon sugar known as reduction process where energy from the donor cell to theory.